Peru is located on the northwest coast of Brazil, bordering Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia and Chile. The center of the fabulously wealthy Inca Empire, the region was conquered by the Spanish adventurer Pizarro in the sixteenth century and remained a Spanish colony until 1824. Following independence, Peru experienced various forms of government but has maintained a fairly stable democracy for the past few decades. The land is incredibly diverse and beautiful, from the coastal desert to the rainforests of the interior to the towering Andes Mountains on its eastern border. Visitors can enjoy everything from viewing fascinating relics and architecture of the Inca and colonial periods at places like Machu Picchu and the capital city of Lima to a canoe trip down the upper reaches of the Amazon to swimming with dolphins on the coast.
The Peruvian people love sports, especially soccer, and on the beach surfing, sailing and volleyball. Golf is something of a minor pastime, but there are 14 courses in the country and some 3000 registered players. The oldest course in Peru, Lima Golf Club, was established in 1924, but the finest, also located in the capital, is at Los Inkas Golf Club in the capital, a links-style layout where Incan ruins can be seen from some of the holes.